The Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka is a tropical island nation off the southeast coast of the Indian subcontinent. Sri Lanka is about half the size of Alabama. Most of the land is flat and rolling; mountains in the south-central region rise to over 8,000 ft (2,438 m).The capital of the country is Sri Jayawardanapura while the largest city is Colombo.
It was known as Ceylon before 1972, and Serendib, among other names, before that. It was South Asia's oldest democracy.